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Generic

Venetoclax

(veh-NEH-toh-klax)

Brand

Venclexta™

(ven-KLEK-stuh)

Venetoclax (Venclexta™) is used to treat chronic lymphocytic leukemia or small lymphocytic lymphoma. It is also used in select patients with newly-diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia, in combination with azacitadine, decitabine, or low-dose cytarabine.

 
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Page 1 TER VENETOCLAX ORAL CHEMOTHERAPY EDUCATION Name of your medication Generic name — venetoclax veh NEH toh klax Brand name — Venclexta™ ven KLEK stuh Approved uses Venetoclax is used to treat chronic lymphocytic leukemia or small lymphocytic lymphoma. It is also used in select patients with newly-diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia, in combination with azacitadine, decitabine, or low-dose cytarabine. Dose and schedule Taking venetoclax as instructed is important to allow your treatment to be as effective as possible, so here are some key points to remember. Your dose may vary, but the usual dose of venetoclax is 400 milligrams 400 mg to be taken by mouth at a scheduled time once a day. When you start venetoclax, your care provider will give you instructions about how to safely and correctly increase your dose to reach the recommended dose of 400 mg daily. Venetoclax should be taken with food, at the same time each day. Venetoclax should be taken whole and not crushed, cut, or dissolved. If you are unable to swallow venetoclax, talk to your care provider or pharmacist for possible options. If you miss a dose of venetoclax: Only take the missed dose if it has been less than 8 hours since you were supposed to take it. Then, take the next dose at the regularly scheduled time. Do not take the missed dose if it has been more than 8 hours since you should have taken it. Simply take the next dose at the regularly scheduled time. Do not take two doses at one time. Be sure to write down if you miss a dose and let your care provider know about any missed doses. Storage and handling Handle venetoclax with care. Just like when chemotherapy is given into the vein, this drug can be toxic, and exposure of the drug to others should be limited. Store venetoclax at room temperature 68°F–77°F in a dry location away from light. Keep venetoclax out of reach of children and pets. Leave venetoclax in the provided packaging until it is ready to be taken. Whenever possible, give venetoclax to yourself and follow the steps below. If a family member, friend, or caregiver needs to give venetoclax to you, they also need to follow these steps: 1. Wash hands with soap and water. 2. Put on gloves to avoid touching the medication. Gloves are not necessary if you give the drug to yourself. 3. Gently transfer the venetoclax from its package to a small medicine or other disposable cup. 4. Administer the medicine immediately by mouth with water. 5. Remove gloves and do not use them for anything else. 6. Throw gloves and medicine cup in household trash. 7. Wash hands with soap and water. VENETOCLAX ORAL CHEMOTHERAPY EDUCATION Page 2 DURING the first 4 weeks of treatment, a daily pill box or pill reminder is not recommended for use with venetoclax. AFTER the first 4 weeks, if a daily pill box or pill reminder is used, a separate one should be used for venetoclax. Do not mix other medications into the box with venetoclax. The person filling the box or reminder should wear gloves. Gloves are not necessary if you are filling the box or reminder. When empty, the box or reminder should be washed with soap and water before refilling. Be sure to wash hands with soap and water after the task is complete, whether or not gloves are worn. If you have any unused venetoclax, do not throw it in the trash and do not flush it down the sink or toilet. Talk to your care provider or pharmacist about proper disposal of venetoclax. If you are traveling, put your venetoclax in a sealed plastic bag. Ask your pharmacist if any additional travel precautions are needed. Handling body fluids and waste Because venetoclax remains in your body for several days after it is taken, some of the drug may be present in urine, stool, sweat, or vomit. Once you have started to take venetoclax, it is important to follow the instructions below every day for as long as your treatment lasts. This will keep yourself, loved ones, and the environment as safe as possible. Pregnant women should avoid touching anything that may be soiled with body fluids from the patient. Toilet and septic systems You may use the same toilet, septic tank, and/or sewer that you usually use. If you have a low flow toilet, close the lid and flush twice to ensure all waste has been discarded. If the toilet or toilet seat becomes soiled with urine, stool, or vomit, clean the surfaces before other people use the toilet. Wash hands with soap and water after using the toilet. If you need a bedpan, be sure your caregiver knows to wear gloves to assist with cleanup and to wash the bedpan with soap and water every day. If you do not have good control of bladder or bowels, use a disposable pad with a plastic back, a diaper, or a sheet to absorb body waste. Wash any skin that has been exposed to body waste or venetoclax with soap and water. Linens or clothing that are soiled with body fluids or body waste should be washed separately from other linens and clothing. If you do not have a washer, place the soiled linens in a plastic bag until they can be washed. Wash hands with soap and water after touching linens or clothing that may be soiled with body fluids. Drug and food interactions Venetoclax has many drug interactions. Inform your care providers of all prescription medications, over the counter medications, vitamins, and herbal products that you are taking. Venetoclax should be taken with food. Grapefruit or grapefruit juice, Seville oranges commonly found in marmalades , and star fruit may interact with venetoclax; avoid eating or drinking these during treatment with venetoclax. Talk with your care provider or pharmacist before taking new medications or supplements, or receiving any vaccines. Avoid live vaccines during treatment with venetoclax. VENETOCLAX ORAL CHEMOTHERAPY EDUCATION Page 3 Side Effects of Venetoclax The common side effects that have been known to happen in more than 30% of patients taking venetoclax are listed in the left side of this table. You MAY NOT experience these side effects. Options to help manage any side effects that do occur are included on the right side of this table. These should be discussed with your care provider. If you experience any side effect you cannot manage or that is not listed here, contact your care provider. Possible Side Effect Management Decreased white blood cells WBCs and increased risk for infection Your WBCs should be monitored by a simple blood test. When your WBCs are low, you are at greater risk of having an infection. Take the following precautions to protect yourself from infection: Wash your hands often, especially before eating and after using the bathroom. Avoid crowds and people with fevers, flu, or other infection. Bathe regularly to keep good personal hygiene. Contact your care provider if you experience any signs or symptoms of an infection, including the following: Fever temperature more than 100.4°F or 38°C Chills Sore throat Burning with urination Unusual tiredness A sore that becomes red, is draining, or does not heal Check with your care provider before taking any medicine for a fever or chills. Diarrhea loose and/ or urgent bowel movements Monitor how many bowel movements you have each day. Drink 8–10 glasses of water or fluid each day unless your care provider has instructed you to limit your fluid intake because of some other health problem. Eat small, frequent meals throughout the day rather than a few large meals. Eat bland, low fiber foods e.g., bananas, applesauce, potatoes, chicken, rice, toast . Avoid high fiber foods e.g., raw vegetables, raw fruits, whole grains . Avoid foods that cause gas e.g., broccoli, beans . Avoid lactose containing foods e.g., yogurt, milk . Avoid spicy, fried, and greasy foods. Contact your provider if either of the following occurs: The number of bowel movements you have in a day increases by 4 or more. You feel dizzy or lightheaded. Your care provider may recommend an over the counter medication called loperamide Imodium® to help with your diarrhea, but talk to your care provider before starting this medication. Continued on the next page VENETOCLAX ORAL CHEMOTHERAPY EDUCATION Page 4 Possible Side Effect Management Nausea or vomiting Eat and drink slowly. Drink 8–10 glasses of water or fluid each day unless your care provider has instructed you to limit your fluid intake. Eat small, frequent meals throughout the day rather than a few large meals. Eat bland foods; avoid spicy, fried, and greasy foods. Avoid vigorous exercise immediately after eating. Don’t lie down immediately after eating. Avoid strong odors. Let your provider know if you experience nausea or vomiting. Your provider may prescribe medication to help with the nausea or vomiting. Fatigue You may be more tired than usual or have less energy. Stay as active as possible, but know it is okay to rest as needed. Try to do some activity every day. Plan your activities, and do them at a time of day when you feel a bit more energetic. Avoid operating heavy machinery if you feel too tired. Changes in electrolytes and other laboratory values Low calcium Low glucose High potassium Low phosphorus Low sodium Changes in some laboratory values may occur and should be monitored by a simple blood test. You may not feel any symptoms if the changes are mild, and they usually are not a sign of a serious problem. More severe changes may occur, which can be a sign of a serious problem. Notify your care provider if you have any of the following: Shortness of breath Chest discomfort Weakness or fatigue New aches and pains Headaches Dizziness If you experience ANY uncontrolled side effect, call your physician or healthcare center immediately: INSTITUTIONAL CONTACT INFO Pregnancy, sexual activity, and contraception Women should not become pregnant and men should not get a partner pregnant while taking venetoclax. Men and women of childbearing age and potential should use effective contraception during therapy and for a minimum of 30 days after the last dose of venetoclax. Do not breastfeed while taking venetoclax and for 30 days after the last dose of venetoclax. VENETOCLAX ORAL CHEMOTHERAPY EDUCATION Page 5 Inform your care provider if you become pregnant. It is safe to hug and kiss. Special precautions may be needed for sexual activity while on venetoclax, and you are encouraged to ask your care provider. Obtaining medication Talk with your care provider about the process for obtaining your venetoclax. PHARMACY OR SPECIALTY PHARMACY CONTACT INFO Additional resources Product website: www.venclexta.com Product prescribing information: www.rxabbvie.com/pdf/venclexta.pdf Product resources: www.venclexta.com/venclexta patient support and resources/venclexta patient andcaregiver resources.html Additional instructions Important notice: The Association of Community Cancer Centers ACCC , Hematology/Oncology Pharmacy Association HOPA , National Community Oncology Dispensing Association, Inc. NCODA , and Oncology Nursing Society ONS have collaborated in gathering information for and developing this patient education guide. This guide represents a brief summary of the medication derived from information provided by the drug manufacturer and other resources. This guide does not cover all existing information related to the possible uses, directions, doses, precautions, warnings, interactions, adverse effects, or risks associated with this medication and should not substitute for the advice of a qualified healthcare professional. Provision of this guide is for informational purposes only and does not constitute or imply endorsement, recommendation, or favoring of this medication by ACCC, HOPA, NCODA, or ONS, who assume no liability for and cannot ensure the accuracy of the information presented. The collaborators are not making any representations with respect to the medications whatsoever, and any and all decisions, with respect to such medications, are at the sole risk of the individual consuming the medication. All decisions related to taking this medication should be made with the guidance and under the direction of a qualified healthcare professional. Permission: Oral Chemotherapy Education OCE sheets are provided as a free educational resource for patients with cancer in need of concise, easy to understand information about oral cancer drugs. Healthcare providers are permitted to copy and distribute the sheets to patients as well as direct patients to the OCE website for information. However, commercial reproduction or reuse, as well as rebranding or reposting of any type, are strictly prohibited without permission of the copyright holder. Please email permission requests and licensing inquiries to This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.. Copyright © 2018 by Hematology/Oncology Pharmacy Association. All rights reserved.

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