Zytiga® (Abiraterone Acetate) is used for treatment of metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) and treatment of metastatic high-risk castration-sensitive prostate cancer (CSPC). Yonsa is used for treatment of metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC).
Zytiga® (Abiraterone Acetate) is used for treatment of metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) and treatment of metastatic high-risk castration-sensitive prostate cancer (CSPC). Yonsa is used for treatm...
Page 1 ABIRATERONE ORAL CHEMOTHERAPY EDUCATION Name of your medication Generic name — abiraterone acetate (A bih RA the rone A seh tayt) Brand names — Zytiga® (zye Tee ga), Yonsa® Please make sure to follow the instructions on the side of the table that your provider has checked. Approved uses Dose and schedule Taking abiraterone acetate as instructed is important to allow your treatment to be as effective as possible, so here are some key points to remember. Drug and food interactions Abiraterone acetate has many drug interactions. Inform your care providers of all prescription medications, over thecounter medications, vitamins, and herbal products that you are taking. Grapefruit or grapefruit juice may interact with abiraterone acetate; avoid eating or drinking these during treatment with abiraterone acetate. Talk with your care team or pharmacist before taking new medications or supplements, or receiving any vaccines. Storage and handling Handle abiraterone acetate with care. Just like when chemotherapy is given into the vein, this drug can be toxic, and exposure of the drug to others should be limited. Treatment of metastatic castration resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) and treatment of metastatic high risk castrationsensitive prostate cancer (CSPC) Treatment of metastatic castration resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) Abiraterone (Zytiga) Yonsa For CRPC, take 1,000 mg orally once daily with prednisone 5 mgh orally twice daily. For CSPC, take 1,000 mg orally once daily with prednisone 5 mg orally once daily. Zytiga is recommended to be taken on an empty stomach. Patients should either be prescribed a gonadotropinreleasing hormone (GnRH) analog or have had a bilateral orchiectomy. Take 500 mg administered orally once daily in combination with methylprednisolone 4 mg administered orally twice daily. Yonsa is recommended to be taken with or without food. Patients should either be prescribed a gonadotropinreleasing hormone (GnRH) analog or have had a bilateral orchiectomy. Abiraterone (Zytiga) YonsaABIRATERONE ORAL CHEMOTHERAPY EDUCATION Page 2 Store abiraterone acetate at room temperature (68°F–77°F) in a dry location away from light. Keep abiraterone acetate out of reach of children and pets. Leave abiraterone acetate in the provided packaging until it is ready to be taken. Whenever possible, give abiraterone acetate to yourself and follow the steps below. If a family member, friend, or caregiver needs to give abiraterone acetate to you, they also need to follow these steps: 1. Wash hands with soap and water. 2. Put on gloves to avoid touching the medication. (Gloves are not necessary if you give the drug to yourself.) 3. Gently transfer the abiraterone acetate from its package to a small medicine or other disposable cup. 4. Administer the medicine immediately by mouth with water. 5. Remove gloves and do not use them for anything else. 6. Throw gloves and medicine cup in household trash. 7. Wash hands with soap and water. If a daily pill box or pill reminder will be used, contact your care team before using: • The person filling the box or reminder should wear gloves (gloves are not necessary if you are filling the box or reminder). • When empty, the box or reminder should be washed with soap and water before refilling. Be sure to wash hands with soap and water after the task is complete, whether or not gloves are worn. If you have any unused abiraterone acetate, do not throw it in the trash and do not flush it down the sink or toilet. Talk to your care provider or pharmacist about proper disposal of abiraterone acetate. If you are traveling, put your abiraterone acetate’s packaging in a sealed plastic bag. Ask your pharmacist if any additional travel precautions are needed.ABIRATERONE ORAL CHEMOTHERAPY EDUCATION Page 3 Side Effects of Abiraterone Acetate The common side effects that have been known to happen in more than 30% of patients taking abiraterone acetate are listed in the left side of this table. You MAY NOT experience these side effects. Options to help manage any side effects that do occur are included on the right side of this table. These should be discussed with your care provider. If you experience any side effect you cannot manage or that is not listed here, contact your care provider. Possible Side Effect Management Changes in electrolytes and other laboratory values • High trigylceride levels • High glucose levels • Low sodium levels Changes in some lab values may occur and will be monitored by a simple blood test. • You may not feel any symptoms if the changes are mild, and they usually are not a sign of a serious problem. • More severe changes may occur, which can be a sign of a serious problem. Notify your care provider if you have any of the following: • Shortness of breath • Chest discomfort • Weakness or fatigue • New aches and pains • Headaches • Dizziness • Swelling of your legs or feet • Red or brown colored urine Changes in liver function Your liver function will be checked periodically by a simple blood test. Contact your care provider if you notice any of the following: • Yellowing of the skin or whites of your eyes • Dark or brown urine • Unusual bleeding or bruising Fatigue You may be more tired than usual or have less energy. • Stay as active as possible, but know it is okay to rest as needed, too. • Try to do some activity every day. • Plan your activities and do them at a time of day when you feel a bit more energetic. • Avoid operating heavy machinery if you feel too tired. Continued on the next pageABIRATERONE ORAL CHEMOTHERAPY EDUCATION Page 4 Serious side effects of abiraterone acetate Abiraterone can cause high blood pressure, low potassium and fluid retention. Tell your healthcare provider if you get any of the following symptoms: dizziness, fast heartbeats, feel faint or lightheaded, headache, confusion, muscle weakness, pain in your legs, swelling in your legs or feet. Abiraterone can cause damage to your adrenal glands. Speak to your care provider to know when you need to have laboratory tests done to monitor your adrenal glands. Steroid medication is often prescribed to help with this side effect. Abiraterone may be harmful to your liver. Speak to your care provider to know when you need to have laboratory tests done to monitor your liver function. If your get this side effect, your doctor may change your dose or stop treatment for some time. If you experience ANY uncontrolled side effect, call your physician or healthcare center immediately: (INSTITUTIONAL CONTACT INFO) Handling body fluids and waste Abiraterone acetate remains in your body for several days after it is taken, so some of the drug may be present in urine, stool, sweat, or vomit. Once you have started to take abiraterone acetate, it is important to follow the instructions below every day for as long as your treatment lasts. This will keep yourself, loved ones, and the environment as safe as possible. Pregnant women should avoid touching anything that may be soiled with body fluids from the patient. Toilet and septic systems • You may use the same toilet, septic tank, and/or sewer that you usually use. If you have a low flow toilet, close the lid and flush twice to ensure all waste has been discarded. • If the toilet or toilet seat becomes soiled with urine, stool, or vomit, clean the surfaces before other people use the toilet. • Wash hands with soap and water after using the toilet. If you need a bedpan, be sure your caregiver knows to wear gloves to assist with cleanup and to wash the bedpan with soap and water every day. If you do not have good control of bladder or bowels, use a disposable pad with a plastic back, a diaper, or a sheet to absorb body waste. Wash any skin that has been exposed to body waste or abiraterone acetate with soap and water. Linens or clothing that are soiled with body fluids or body waste should be washed separately from other linens and clothing. If you do not have a washer, place the soiled linens in a plastic bag until they can be washed. Wash hands with soap and water after touching linens or clothing that may be soiled with body fluids. Pregnancy, sexual activity, and contraception Women should not become pregnant and men should not get a partner pregnant while taking abiraterone acetate. Men and women of childbearing age and potential should use effective contraception during therapy and for a minimum of one week after the last dose of abiraterone acetate. o Effective contraception could include one or more of the following: oral contraceptive, barrier methods, etc. Inform your care provider if you become pregnant. ABIRATERONE ORAL CHEMOTHERAPY EDUCATION Page 5 It is safe to hug and kiss. Special precautions may be needed for sexual activity while on abiraterone acetate, and you are encouraged to ask your care provider. Obtaining medication Talk with your care provider about how to obtain your abiraterone acetate. (PHARMACY OR SPECIALTY PHARMACY CONTACT INFO) Additional resources Product website: www.zytiga.com, www.yonsarx.com Product prescribing information: www.zytiga.com/shared/product/zytiga/zytiga prescribing information.pdf, www.yonsarx.com/wp content/uploads/2019/03/YonsaFullPrescribingInformation.pdf Updated – July 21, 2021 Additional instructions ABIRATERONE ORAL CHEMOTHERAPY EDUCATION Page 6 Important notice: The Association of Community Cancer Centers (ACCC), Hematology/Oncology Pharmacy Association (HOPA), National Community Oncology Dispensing Association, Inc. (NCODA), and Oncology Nursing Society (ONS) have collaborated in gathering information for and developing this patient education guide. This guide represents a brief summary of the medication derived from information provided by the drug manufacturer and other resources. This guide does not cover all existing information related to the possible uses, directions, doses, precautions, warnings, interactions, adverse effects, or risks associated with this medication and should not substitute for the advice of a qualified healthcare professional. Provision of this guide is for informational purposes only and does not constitute or imply endorsement, recommendation, or favoring of this medication by ACCC, HOPA, NCODA, or ONS, who assume no liability for and cannot ensure the accuracy of the information presented. The collaborators are not making any representations with respect to the medications whatsoever, and any and all decisions, with respect to such medications, are at the sole risk of the individual consuming the medication. All decisions related to taking this medication should be made with the guidance and under the direction of a qualified healthcare professional. Permission: Oral Chemotherapy Education (OCE) sheets are provided as a free educational resource for patients with cancer in need of concise, easy to understand information about oral cancer drugs. Healthcare providers are permitted to copy and distribute the sheets to patients as well as direct patients to the OCE website for information. However, commercial reproduction or reuse, as well as rebranding or reposting of any type, are strictly prohibited without permission of the copyright holder. Please email permission requests and licensing inquiries to
Published: 25 August 2020
Last Updated: 21 July 2021
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